Medicine and Medical Treatment During WWII

Author: Sonic

Medicine and Medical Treatment During WWII


During World War II, medicine made significant advancements and innovations. The war spurred medical research and development, particularly in the areas of surgery, wound treatment, and the production of antibiotics. The mobile army surgical hospitals (MASH) units were developed to provide on-site medical care to soldiers in the field. Penicillin, a groundbreaking new antibiotic, was used extensively to treat infections, saving countless lives. Despite the difficult and dangerous conditions, medical personnel worked tirelessly to provide medical care to the wounded and sick, making great sacrifices to save lives on both the battlefield and the home front.



During World War II, several innovations in medical treatment were made, including:


Antibiotics: Penicillin, a new and revolutionary antibiotic, was used extensively to treat infections, saving countless lives. The widespread use of penicillin marked a major turning point in the treatment of infectious diseases.


Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals (MASH): MASH units were developed to provide on-site medical care to soldiers in the field. These units were equipped with surgical facilities, and they allowed for the prompt treatment of battlefield injuries, reducing the time between injury and definitive care.


Blood Transfusions: The war spurred the development of new methods for blood transfusion and blood preservation, which allowed for the safe and effective transfusion of blood in the field. This was critical for the treatment of wounded soldiers, as many suffered from severe blood loss.


Plastic Surgery: The need to treat facial and other types of wounds during the war led to advancements in plastic surgery techniques, including the development of new methods for skin grafting.


Pain Management: Pain management techniques were improved during the war, with the widespread use of anesthesia and new methods for pain control.


These innovations in medical treatment improved the survival rate of wounded soldiers and had a lasting impact on the field of medicine. They continue to influence medical practice and research to this day.


In addition to the innovations in medical treatment, World War II also had a significant impact on public health. The war created widespread displacement and overcrowding, leading to the spread of infectious diseases in refugee camps. The need to maintain the health of military personnel also resulted in the widespread use of mass vaccinations and the implementation of strict hygiene measures.


The war also had an impact on the medical profession itself, with many doctors and nurses enlisting to serve in the military, leaving a shortage of medical personnel on the home front. This shortage led to the mobilization of other health care workers, including pharmacists, medical technicians, and even veterinary doctors, who were trained to assist in medical care.


In conclusion, World War II was a time of great challenge and innovation in the field of medicine, leading to advances in medical treatment and public health that continue to influence the field today.





Medics were an important part of military medical care during World War II. They were responsible for providing immediate medical attention to wounded soldiers on the battlefield and transporting them to field hospitals for further treatment. Medics were trained in basic medical procedures, including wound care, administering first aid, and stabilizing patients for transport. They often worked under difficult and dangerous conditions, providing medical care in the midst of battle and with limited resources.


Medics also served as an important link between the front line and the rear, ensuring that injured soldiers received timely and effective medical treatment. Many medics risked their own lives to save the lives of others, and their bravery and dedication were an inspiration to their fellow soldiers.


The role of medics in World War II helped to establish the importance of providing medical care to soldiers on the front lines and inspired the development of mobile army surgical hospitals (MASH) units, which continue to play a vital role in modern military medicine.


Usual field treatment of wounds in World War II


The typical field treatment of wounds was to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and dress it to prevent infection. The following steps were typically followed:


Stop Bleeding: The first priority was to control any severe bleeding. This was usually done by applying direct pressure to the wound, using a tourniquet if necessary.


Clean the Wound: The wound was then cleaned with a solution, such as hydrogen peroxide or saline, to remove dirt and debris and reduce the risk of infection.


Dress the Wound: The wound was then dressed with a sterile bandage or dressing to protect it and prevent further contamination. If necessary, a splint or sling was used to immobilize the injured body part.


Pain Relief: Pain relief was often provided with medications such as aspirin or morphine, which were carried by medics in their medical kits.


This basic treatment was performed by medics on the battlefield, and more comprehensive medical care was provided at field hospitals or medical facilities located further from the front line. Penicillin and other antibiotics were also used to treat infections, and surgery was performed to repair severe injuries. Overall, the goal of field treatment was to stabilize the patient and prepare them for transport to a more comprehensive medical facility for further treatment.